Fuel Flexibility

Thanks to the SOFC's high operating temperature (600-900°C), low molecular weight hydrocarbons can be internally reformed, without the need for an external reformer. With appropriate conditioning, in order to remove harmful contaminants and to ensure a proper balance of the specific carbon compounds, such diverse fuels can be utilized as natural gas, biogas, eth

Alternative carbon-free liquid fuels such as ammonia and hydrazine can also be utilized in SOFCs, even tough the use of the latter remains limited due to its high production cost. Ammonia, used to great extent in industry for the synthesis of fertilizers and explosives, presents the advantages of being low cost, simple to store, containing high energy density without production of carbon dioxide.anol, methanol, propane, LGP (liquefied petroleum gas) and even diesel and jet fuel.

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